The vulnerability and persistence of poverty among the rural households have always been the focus of attention for development agencies of different categories for providing coping strategies that would empower the local communities with improved and increased access to resources for a sustainable impact. The incidence of extreme poor is characterized by insufficient income, poor health, acute malnutrition, illiteracy and a high concentration of wage laborers in the households with limited assets, female-headed households (widows, divorcees), destitute women and large family size. The vulnerability of these ultra poor households is further exacerbated by their inability to reduce the risk of natural disasters. In many instances, the vulnerable households do not have any viable coping strategies. They need interventions which help them to ensure sustainable poverty reduction as envisaged by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
In this context, the EU funded “Food Security 2012 Bangladesh-Ujjibito” project started its operation from November 2013. Ujjibito is a Bangla word meaning ‘infused with new life’. This project has two components of which one is supporting LGED’s Rural Employment and Road Maintenance Programme Phase-2 (RERMP-2), which commenced from October 2013. RERMP-2 is a GoB-funded project and will cover all unions of the country with EU providing funds for 27,400 beneficiaries in 1,370 focal unions in Barisal, Khulna and Rajshahi Divisions (except Bogra district). The other component is supporting PKSF’s Ultra Poor programme (UPP)-Ujjibito covering 1,724 unions in Barisal, Khulna, Rajshahi and Chittagong Divisions (1,479 in Barisal, Khulna, Rajshahi and 245 unions in coastal upazilas of Chittagong Division), which started from November 2013.
The project has incorporated the learning of numerous food security and social safety net projects targeting ultra poor that have been implemented in Bangladesh over the past decade. Ujjibito project mostly combines the best practices of the GoB funded Rural Employment and Road Maintenance Programme (RERMP), the EU co-funded Rural Employment Opportunities for Public Assets (REOPA) project and PKSF’s Ultra Poor Programme, with the objective of sustainable graduation out of rural ultra poverty through a combination of public safety nets, social and livelihood development support and longer term linkage with micro-finance.
The action (i.e. UPP-Ujjibito component) has been designed to provide capacity building and financial support to a cohort of beneficiaries (27,400) of the proposed RERMP-2 safety net project and PKSF’s Ultra-Poor (UP) beneficiaries (297,600) in the target area. The underlying assumptions are:
- The vulnerable ultra poor require confidence building and an enabling environment for sustainable income generation.
- They need to be provided opportunities for micro-savings in groups, and, where possible, suitable micro-insurance.
- They need to be trained in Income Generating Activities (IGAs).
- They should be included in awareness raising programmes on various social issues.
- They should be introduced to nutritional aspects of health and hygiene.
- They require flexible micro-credit support to start or expand sustainable IGAs.
- They require technical services to perform their income generating activities in a sustainable way.
PKSF has vast experience and expertise in dealing with the ultra poor. It has successfully completed the EU co-funded FSVGD & UP project in 2011. It has been implementing Microfinance for the Ultra Poor Programme since 2004, with the objective to reach out to the excluded for ensuring their human dignity. At present, PKSF is implementing the country’s biggest microfinance programme for the ultra poor. Through this intervention, microfinance as one of the most effective means to support income generation and sustainable development has now become accessible to ultra poor. PKSF provides microcredit to the ultra poor following the Flexible Microcredit Guidelines, developed for ultra poor households. PKSF also provides capacity building support including different types of IGA training and extends a range of technical assistance services to the ultra poor beneficiaries under various projects.
The Action has been designed to link RERMP-2 beneficiaries to the UP programme of PKSF in order to create long-term linkage to microfinance. Similarly, the action will help PKSF’s existing ultra poor members receiving enhanced capacity building support. The action aims at supporting the targeted vulnerable and female-headed households for their sustainable graduation from ultra-poverty. It concentrates on three elements – sustainable improvements in financial, health and social status.
2.1 Overall Objective:
Sustainable reduced hunger and poverty in Bangladesh.
2.2 Specific Objective:
Sustainable graduation from ultra-poverty of nearly 325,000 vulnerable and women-headed households.Graduation from ultra-poverty is taken to imply not rising above the lower poverty line, but actually achieving household nutrition security, non-food purchasing power, improved asset base and social status
Expected Results and Activities
Expected Results and Activities:
There are three main envisaged results of the UPP-Ujjibito component. This component of the project intends to achieve targets described in three results. To achieve those targets a number of activities are assigned under each result. The activities under each result are mentioned below:
Result 1: 100,000 beneficiary women and their families (hitherto ultra-poor) have the means to enjoy a decent standard of living. Three types of activities which have been identified as essential ingredients for achieving the target mentioned in Result 1. They are as follows:
Activity 1.1: Skills development for entrepreneurship and income generation for 100,000 ultra-poor female beneficiaries (27,400 RERMP-2 and 72,600 UPP members).
Activity 1.2: Training in non-agricultural employment opportunities for 15,000 women members of UPP families.
Activity 1.3: Vocational training for 1,000 youths of UPP families.
Result 2: Health and physical well-being of 325,000 (hitherto ultra-poor) beneficiary women and their families is significantly and sustainably enhanced. Three types of activities which have been identified as essential ingredients for achieving the target mentioned in Result 2. They are as follows:
Activity 2.1: Regular counseling/awareness building on practical nutrition, homestead vegetable production, hygiene etc for 325,000 beneficiaries in the focal areas.
Activity 2.2: Practical nutrition and reproductive health orientation for adolescent girls (12-18), newly-wed women, pregnant women and young mothers belonging to the 325,000 beneficiary households.
Activity 2.3: Identification and referral of 20-25,000 severely malnourished babies and children <5 and pregnant and lactating women from the focal unions.
Result 3: Improved empowerment and participation in society of 325,000 (hitherto ultra-poor) women beneficiaries and their family members. Three types of activities which have been identified as essential ingredients for achieving the target mentioned in Result 3. They are as follows:
Activity 3.1: Social issues awareness raising programme for 325,000 ultra-poor women beneficiaries and their family members.
Activity 3.2: Motivation drives to encourage children of beneficiaries to complete primary school.
Activity 3.3: Community events to raise awareness within their communities about the rights, access of assets, struggles and successes of the ultra poor, especially women.
Working Area and Duration
Project Working Area and Duration
The working area of the Action (i.e. UPP-Ujjibito component) will comprise a total of 1,724 unions in the target area. It includes all the unions (total 1,479) of Barisal, Khulna & Rajshahi (BKR) divisions as well as all the unions (total 245) of coastal upazilas of the districts of Lakshmipur, Noakhali, Chittagong & Cox’s Bazar of Chittagong division. These coastal Upazilas are Raipur, Ramgoti, Sadar, Ramgonj and Komolnagar of Laxmipur district; Hatiya, Companigonj, Sadar, Chatkhil, Senbagh, Bagumgonj and Subornachar of Noakhali district; Swandip, Anwara, Sitakunda and Bashkhali of Chittagong district ; and Teknaf, Moheshkhali, Ukhia, Chakaria, Ramu, Sadar and Kutubdia of Cox’s Bazar district.
The GoB funded Rural Employment and Road Maintenance Programme-2 (RERMP-2) will take place in every union of the country, with EU funds in 1,370 focal unions, mainly in Barisal, Khulna and Rajshahi (BKR) divisions. These 1,370 focal unions will be referred to as the focal unions under the overall Ujjibito project. In addition, Cash for Work members organised by the LGED in 109 unions of Bogra district will receive technical support under the component. The duration of implementation of the Action is 66 months. The duration will be from November 2013 to April 2019.
The total cost of the Financing Agreement (FA) “Food Security 2012 Bangladesh- Ujjibito”, signed on 28 May 2013, is at EUR 110,002,635, of which maximum EUR 38, 000, 000 will be financed by the European Union (EU), EUR 71,450,000 by the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) and EUR 552,635 by Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF). It includes a Grant Contract (the subject of this Action) between EU, represented by the European Commission, and PKSF with a total budget provision of EUR 11,052,635, of which maximum EUR 10,500,000 (equivalent to 95% of the total eligible cost of the Action) will be contributed by the EU and EUR 552,635 by PKSF.
Under the ‘Food Security 2012 Bangladesh –Ujjibito Project’; PKSF is implementing the UPP Ujjibito component through a well organized Project Management Unit, which is in action since November, 2013. Already PKSF have selected 38 implementing partner organizations that are working in 1724 unions of four divisions (Rajshahi, Khulna and Barishal and coastal upazillas of Chittagong Division).
Communication & Visibility
For increasing awareness among the beneficiaries, stakeholders and the wider public in Bangladesh and abroad on EU’s Support to the Food Security project as well as the result and the impact of the Action, PKSF prepared a ‘ Communication and Visibility Plan’ for the UPP-Ujjibito component of the Food Security 2012 Bangladesh-Ujjibito project. PKSF is following that plan in implementing the activities under the component. For example, PKSF and its POs have used European Union logo in all project documents, training certificate, stickers, presentations and banners. PKSF do not have any objection if the European Commission may wish to publicize the results and/or facts of action. It would be highly appreciated if EU acknowledges PKSF’s contribution.
1. Income Generating Activities Implementation related training (14 days) to the program officer (Technical) at Mymensingh
2. Day Long Orientation Programme to the Program Officer (Social) at PKSF
3. Discussion & Feedback Session for Developing Nutrition Information, Education and Communication Materials by the External Experts at PKSF
Publications & Reports
1. Project Brief on Ultra Poor Programme (UPP)-Ujjibito
2. Interim Narrative Report on Ultra Poor Programme (UPP)-Ujjibito
3. Posters on Income generating activities and Social Awareness
Project Management unit
|01||AKM Nuruzzaman||AGM & Project Coordinatoremail@example.com|
|02||Mr. Md. Mahbubur Rahman||Deputy Project Coordinatorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|03||Mr. Muhammad Abu Bakr Siddique||Deputy Project Coordinatoremail@example.com|
|04||Mr. Md. Alauddin Ahmed||Assistant Project Coordinatorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|05||Mr. Khondakar Munir Hasan||Assistant Project Coordinatoremail@example.com|
|06||Mr. Ahmed Mahmudur Rahman Khan||Assistant Project Coordinatorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|07||Mr. Muhammad Hasnain Mollah||Assistant Project Coordinatoremail@example.com|
|08||Mr. Md. Mokit-ul Hafiz||Assistant Project Coordinatorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|09||Dr. Md. Faizul Tarique Chowdury||Assistant Project Coordinator||Idfagri2013@gmail.com|
|10||Mr. Md. Maksedul Alam||Assistant Project Coordinatoremail@example.com|
|11||Mr. Md.Golam Mostafa||Accounts Officerfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|12||Mr. Tanjur Ahmed Dewan||Accounts Officeremail@example.com|
|13||Md. Abdul Haque||Computer Operator|
1. Ad-din Welfare Center, Jessore
2. Ahead Social Organization (ASO), Joypurhat
3. Ashrai, Rajshahi
4. Association for Community Development-ACD, Rajshahi
5. CARSA Foundation, Dhaka
6. Coastal Association for Social Transformation Trust (COAST Trust)
7. Community Development Centre (CODEC), Chittagong
8. Dak Diya Jai (DDJ), Pirojpur
9. Dwip Unnayan Songstha (DUS), Noakhali
10. Eco-Social Development Organization (ESDO), Thakurgaon
11. Gram Unnayan Karma (GUK), Bogra
12. Grameen Jano Unnayan Sangstha (GJUS), Bhola
13. Jagorani Chakra Foundation, Jessore
14. JAKAS Foundation, Joypurhat
15. Mousumi, Naogaon
16. National Development Programme (NDP), Sirajganj
Training on Goat Rearing
This project is distributing vegetable seeds to the beneficiary. A beneficiary in front of her homestead vegetable garden
Programme Officer Social under UPP-Ujjibito component are providing basic nutritional and health services to the ultra poor families. A Programme Officer (Social) is checking blood pressure.
A group meeting with RERMP-2 members at their work
Deputy General Manager & Project Coordinator
Ultra Poor Programme (UPP)-Ujjibito
Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation(PKSF)
Plot: E-4/B,Agargaon Administrative Area
This component is funded by