Fisheries and Livestock Unit
Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF) is working towards poverty alleviation through sustainable development programmes for the poor and ultra-poor with micro credit as a means. A large amount of this credit is being used for farming activities, especially livestock production. Proper implementation of livestock-related Income Generating Activities (IGAs) can alleviate poverty of these borrower households by ensuring their sustainable employment, increased income and sustained food security. PKSF established the Livestock Unit (LU) in 2013 as per the resolution of its 182nd Board meeting. Later, the LU was renamed as the Fisheries and Livestock Unit (FLU) in accordance with the resolution of the 205th Board meeting held on 1 November 2016. The objective of the FLU is to ensure sustainable fish and livestock production through some ‘pillars’ as stated in Figure-1. The FLU activities are carried out by two different cells – Fisheries Cell (FC) and Livestock Cell (LC). The FLU, which works under the Programme Division of PKSF, renders its services to farming communities at the field-level through its Partner Organisations (POs).
FLU ACTIVITIES SINCE INCEPTION:
Under the FLU, the FC and the LC are working at 37 Upazilas in 20 districts through the selected POs of PKSF.
FLU activities for programme participants/members
Technology demonstration: The objective of technology demonstration is to ensure profitability of fisheries and livestock-based IGAs of members. Successful livestock production can be achieved through cost-effective feeding system, animal comfort, reduced morbidity and mortality, ensuring regular breeding cycle and environment-friendly waste management. On the other hand, Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) can result in fish production at maximum level in an economical way. For demonstrations, the LC is disseminating technology on Black Bengal goat rearing, dairy cattle production, beef cattle fattening, vermi-compost production, buck rearing, broiler rearing, layer rearing, sonali chicken rearing, duck rearing, quail rearing, rabbit rearing, fodder production, improved steer cattle fattening, beef cattle development programme and turkey production. Members are provided with farming inputs i.e. breeding animal, day-old chicks, housing design, fodder cutting/saplings, anthelmintics, vaccines, disinfectant, technical advice etc. As of November 2016, the LC has implemented 20,835 demonstrations on the above mentioned activities. As for the FC, the activities for which technologies are disseminated are carp-mola mixed culture, crab fattening, high value fish culture, carp-prawn poly culture, Vietnam koi culture, eel fish culture and fattening, and cage fish culture. A total of 4,188 demonstrations have been implemented under the FC as of November 2016.
Training farmers: To ensure better understanding among the farmers and proper implementation of activities, the FC and the LC as of November 2016 provided training to 5,375 members on different fisheries technologies and to 25,115 members on livestock-related technologies. Apart from this, the FLU developed 50 Livestock & Poultry Service Providers (LPSPs) at the member level.
Distribution of vaccines & anthelmintics: The LC conducts vaccinations on FMD, anthrax, PPR, Newcastle disease and duck plague, and provides broad spectrum anthelmintics to households. So far, a total of 5,73,650 animals have been vaccinated and 1,80,120 deworming boluses distributed for the large and small ruminant animals. The LC has provided Kit to technical staffs of the POs so as to ensure preventive and curative veterinary services at members’ doorsteps.
Fish fry release & Kit distribution: The FC has so far released 790-kg fish fry in open water bodies to increase fish production and distributed 1,750fishing gears among the farmers.
FLU activities for the staffs
Training & exposure visit: The LC has trained 425 PO staffs on different livestock technologies mentioned earlier. The unit also organized exposure visits for 429 PO staffs to successful demonstration sites.
The LC and the FC have established 43 goat clusters with at least 15 farms in each; 81 vermi-compost clusters with at least 24 farms in each; 6 quail clusters with at least 7 farms in each; 4 hybrid layer clusters with at least 11 farms in each; 1 sheep cluster with at least 7 farms in each; and 8 shing-magur clusters, 5 carp-tilapia clusters, 6 eel fish clusters, 1 pabda cluster, 1 carp-prawn cluster, 1 carp-mola cluster and 1 crab cluster each having at least 20 ponds.
The average monthly income at the member level is Tk 2,000-2,500 from goat rearing, Tk 3,000 from quail rearing, Tk 4,500 from hybrid layer rearing, and Tk 700 from a family-type vermi-compost unit.