Fisheries and Livestock Unit
Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF) has been working towards poverty alleviation through sustainable development programmes for the poor and ultra-poor with appropriate financial services. Large amount of this finance is being used for farming activities especially livestock production. Proper implementation of livestock related Income Generating Activities (IGAs) can alleviate poverty of these borrower households through ensuring their sustainable employment, increased income and sustained food security. PKSF has established the Livestock Unit (LU) in 2013 as per the resolution of 182nd board meeting. Later, the Livestock Unit has renamed as Fisheries and Livestock Unit (FLU) as per the resolution of 205th board meeting held on 1st November 2016. The objective is to ensure sustainable fish and livestock production through some pillars as stated in figure-1. Under FLU, activities are carried out by two different cells namely Fisheries Cell (FC) and Livestock Cell (LC). The FLU renders its services to farming community under the Operations Division of PKSF through its field level Partner Organisations (POs).
FISHERIES AND LIVESTOCK UNIT ACTIVITIES SINCE INCEPTION:
Under FLU, FC and LC are working at 49 upazillas in 22 districts through the selected Partner Organizations (POs) of PKSF.
FLU activities for programme participants/members
Technology demonstration: The objective of technology demonstration is to ensure profitability of fisheries and livestock based IGAs of members. In case of successful livestock production, this is achieved through cost effective feeding system, animal comfort, reduced morbidity & mortality, ensured regular breeding cycle and environment-friendly waste management. On the other hand, Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) ensures sustainable commercial fish production at cost effective manner. Under livestock component (LC) technologies such as semi intensive black bengal goat rearing, dairy cattle production, beef cattle fattening, vermin-compost production, buck rearing, broiler rearing, layer rearing, sonali chicken rearing, duck rearing, quail rearing, rabbit rearing, fodder production improved steer cattle fattening, beef cattle development programme, buffalo rearing, hydroponic fodder production, unconventional feed marketing and turkey production have been demonstrated. Here, members are being provided with farming inputs i.e. breeding animal, day old chicks, housing design, fodder cutting/saplings, anthelmintics, vaccines, disinfectant, technical advices etc till October 2017. The LFU implemented 26,397 livestock related demonstrations in different areas of Bangladesh.
On aquaculture the FLU has implemented different fish production technologies such as carp-mola mixed culture, crap fattening, high value fish like native shing, magur, tengra, pabda, gulsa and baim fish culture, carp-prawn polyculture, vietnum koi culture, eel fish culture & fattening and cage fish culture. It has introduced pond dike/embankment vegetable cultivation, ornamental fish culture, predator fish polyculture, giant pangas or white muscle pangas culture, vetki-tilapia polyculture, nursery pond rearer etc in different agro-ecological areas of Bangladesh. The FLU has introduced cluster based kuchia farming and high value native fish culture. The FLU has implemented 5562 fisheries related demonstrations up to October 2017.
Farmers’ training: FLU has trained 33,400 members on different Fisheries & livestock technologies as of October 2017. Beside, FLU also developed 150 Livestock & poultry service providers (LPSP) at member-level.
Distribution of vaccines & anthelmintics: FLU has conducted vaccination program on FMD, Anthrax, PPR, New Castle Disease, Duck plague Disease and also provided broad spectrum anthelmintics to HHs. So far, FLU vaccinated 7,42,470 animals and provided deworming boluses to 2,41,515 large & small ruminant animals. FLU has provided veterinary Kit to technical staffs of Partner Organizations so as to ensure preventive and curative veterinary services at members’ door-steps. FLU has distributed California Mastitis Test (CMT) kit among the program implementing organization for the detection of mastitis in dairy cattle.
Fish fry release and Kit distribution: FLU has released 3,145 kg fish fry in open water bodies to increase natural fish production and also distributed 3,360Fishing Gears among the farmers.
Capacity building of PO’s staffs
Training & Exposure visit: The FLU has trained 125 staffs of POs on different livestock technologies. It has organized exposure visits to successful demonstrations of livestock technologies for 533 staffs of PO. Besides, 24 PO staffs received training on Good Aquaculture Practices (GAqP) at Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI). The FLU has also organized training cum exposure visits at successful aquacultural demonstrations for 72 staffs of PO’s through 3 different batches.
Successful livestock and fisheries technologies are quickly being replicated by the local farmers. Based on this replication the FLU has established 103 goat cluster having at least 15 farms in each cluster; 193 vermicompost clusters with at least 20 farms in each cluster; 15 quail clusters with at least 7 farms in each cluster; 10 hybrid layer clusters with at least 8-10 farms in each cluster; 2 Turkey clusters with at least 6-10 farms in each cluster;1 sheep cluster with at least 7 farms in each cluster, 12 shing-magur clusters, 5 carp-tilapia clusters, 7 eel fish clusters, 2 pabda clusters, 2 carp-prawn cluster, 3 carp-mola cluster & 2 crab cluster with at least 20 ponds in each cluster respectively. The average monthly income at the beneficiary level from goat rearing is 2000/- to 2500/- per month.